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A Carpathian Celt

An inexperienced novice treasure hunter would hardly be happy to find something like that looking like a useless piece of iron… And if he had no habit of collecting and keeping all the finds, such an axe would probably have been thrown away into the nearest bushes))

But a metal detectorist who seeks not just for coins and jewelry made of precious metals and who would really like to know more about the history of his ancestors’ land, can determine at first glance that it’s not just an unwanted iron object but an ancient tool which is also a valuable discovery.

There are various types of Celts. There are bronze axes with a hollow or a socket at the butt end; and there are absolutely flat axes or the ones with stop ridges. And there are some bronze axes with flanged edges under which a split end of a wooden handle was inserted.

The distinctive feature of the socketed axe is an additional loop at the butt end perpendicular to the blade into which the handle was inserted. The handle could be straight or elbow shaped -tilted at an angle of up to 90 degrees. The cutting edge was flared but generally Celts are considered to be narrow axes. Broad axes were not produced at that period.

And one of such Celts was recently picked up by a hobby enthusiast while searching with a Mars Goliath coil. According to experts, this is one of the Carpathian Celts of Gava-Goligrada’s culture dated 1200-950 B.C. This is the archaeological culture of the early Iron Age which was widespread in the Eastern Carpathians and the Danube region. In Ukraine the finds belonging to this culture were unearthed in Ternopil, Chernivtsi, Ivano-Frankivsk, Transcarpathian (Zakarpattia) regions as well as in the southern part of Lviv and Khmelnytsky regions. There were discovered more than 100 ancient settlements, 6 sites of ancient towns, 21 important artifacts. There are ancient towns discovered near the villages of Lysynychky and Nizhneye Krivche in the Ternopil region. The area of the ancient town near the village of Lysynychky was up to 160 hectares, the rests of the rampart and foss remained up to nowadays. But no one knows how many artifacts have not been recovered yet from these sites… Maybe you wanna try to find them there?…

And of course, apart from the Celt, there were other items discovered:


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